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Human settlements, energy and industry.

Climate change will affect human settlements.

Settlements that depend heavily on commercial fishing, subsistence agriculture and other natural resources are particularly vulnerable.

Also at risk are low-lying areas and deltas, large coastal cities, squatter camps located in flood plains and on steep hillsides, settlements in forested areas that can increase seasonal wildfires, and settlements to stress from population growth, poverty and environmental degradation. In all cases, the poor will be most affected. While climate change will often have less impact on this sector in economic development, technological change and other environmental and social forces, is likely to exacerbate the total stress on settlements.

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United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

(via Google Translate) Recognition and monitoring of the problem

* A significant achievement of the Convention, characterized by a general and flexible, recognizing that there is a problem.

This represented a big step a decade ago, when the treaty entered into force, because there was less evidence (and there are still those who doubt that global warming is real and that climate change is a problem.) It's hard to get the world's nations to agree on anything, let alone a common approach to a difficulty that is complex, the consequences are not entirely clear and that the most serious effects occur within several decades or even centuries.

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More green tips

A friend sent me a list of suggested ecological (via Goolgle Translate)...

Other bulbs: Replace incandescent bulbs with low-energy. They are more expensive but last up to ten times more, and spend four to five times less. This was the first council of the promotion campaign A film Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore. The Australian government earlier this year forced to undertake this change in the country, a revolution of bulbs. We have to reduce energy consumption. Our behavior is critical to slowing climate change, which, according to experts, this century will cause an increase in average temperatures of two to four degrees, a rise in the waters of the seas 28 to 43 cm and 20 percent extinction of species.

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Some suggestions

(via Google Translate)

  • Ensure that light bulbs and tubes, heaters, fans and air conditioners are turned off when rooms are empty.
  • Place lamps in low power mode (called CFLs) instead of regular incandescent bulbs. Gain in quality and quantity of light: the last 8 to 10 times longer.
  • Using painted white or bright colors for walls and ceilings. Reflect and distribute light better.
  • Carry a bag for purchases, avoiding unnecessary packaging consumption.
  • If you have a garden or pots, do not throw the remains of fruit and vegetable waste. Burial can get an excellent fertilizer.
  • Close the taps well: 10 drops per minute add up 2,000 liters of water wasted per year.
  • Sharing car journeys with family and friends whenever possible (at time of going to work, shop and walk). Most of the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere from automobiles and further exacerbate climate change (especially the greenhouse effect). In addition, other gases emit harmful to health and increase smog and acid rain.
  • Do not buy wild animals prohibited species (tortoises, monkeys, yellow cardinals, kings of the forest, Federal, Queen blackberries, etc.).. Many are endangered by traffic suffer to supply the pet trade.
  • Unnecessary consumption of any product. So, save money. Consider that all natural resources used as raw materials to our shoes to come from the same "factory" nature.
  • Reject all products used unnecessarily or polyethylene styrofoam trays and plastic wraps.
  • Use cloth napkins and dish towels in the kitchen.
  • Recycle what we can. This means re-using waste that can serve as feedstock for other products.
  • Avoid buying canned drinks, that are thrown into the street or in the field. It is better to opt for returnable bottles. Collaborate with institutions bringing them to recycle cans.
  • Whenever possible, avoid using plastic. All plastic bottles are produced from PVC and takes many years to disintegrate. On the other hand is toxic, as waste can generate dioxins and furans.
  • Wash in cold water or lower temperature. Dissolve the powdered detergent before starting the wash.
  • Do not put hot things in the fridge or freezer.
  • Do not place the refrigerator near heat sources (oven, window, which gives the sun).
  • Defrost regularly.
  • Do not obstruct the ventilation grills of the fridge. Keep them clean of dust.
  • Install a thermostat on the heater, set it to not excessively high temperatures (20-22 º C in winter).
  • In the case of water heater, adjust the right temperature or place the thermostat between 55-60 º C, avoid hot water first and then return to cool by mixing with cold water.
  • Set the temperature control cooling air conditioners at 24 degrees.
  • When purchasing a kitchen, choose the replacement gas utilities.
  • Separate dry waste (packaging, paper and textiles), moist and place them in separate containers on your block.
  • Avoid the batteries. Use electrical appliances whenever possible. If that is not possible, use rechargeable batteries.
  • When using ordinary batteries, do not throw it away. Management Centres and Community Participation in the City have, since November 2008, with special containers have spent rechargeable batteries.
  • Shut down the computer if not used for periods longer than one hour, or, if not viable, the shutdown monitor.

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Emission trading

The "carbon market"
(via Google Translate)

* The limits of emissions of greenhouse gases set by the Kyoto Protocol is a way to assign monetary values ​​to the Earth's atmosphere that we all share, something that had not been done before.

The nations that have contributed to global warming in general have achieved direct benefits in terms of higher business profits and higher living standards, but have not made the same extent the responsibility for damage to their emissions. The negative effects of climate change will be felt worldwide, and in fact are expected to more serious consequences taking place in LDCs, which have produced few emissions.

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Kyoto Protocol Summary

(via Google translate) Delegates celebrate the adoption of the Protocol in 1997. It took a year to member countries of the Framework Convention on Climate Change decided that the Convention had to incorporate an agreement with more stringent requirements for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases.

The Convention entered into force in 1994, and in 1995 the government had started negotiations on a protocol, ie, an international agreement linked to the existing treaty, but with autonomy. The text of the Kyoto Protocol was adopted unanimously in 1997.

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Comunidades de transición

Totnes, Devon: una comunidad de transición.Las comunidades de transición (también conocidas como red de transición o movimiento de transición) es un movimiento que fue creado por Louise Rooney1 y popularizado por Rob Hopkins. La propuesta fue iniciada en Kinsale, Irlanda, y luego fue extendida a Totnes, Inglaterra por el ambientalista Rob Hopkins durante 2005 y 2006.2 El objetivo del proyecto es dotar de control a las comunidades para soportar el doble desafío del cambio climático y del pico de producción del petróleo. El movimiento cuenta actualmente con miembros de las comunidades en varios países de todo el mundo.

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La Hora del Planeta 2010

La Hora del Planeta 2010 pretende implicar a más de mil millones de personas y movilizar a 6.000 ciudades del mundo para demostrar el apoyo global a la acción contra el cambio climático, el día 27 de marzo, de 20:30 a 21:30 (hora local).

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El cambio climático podría aumentar las muertes por olas de calor y las enfermedades infecciosas en España

caluroso(vía Consumer.es)

El cambio climático no ha tenido aún "ningún tipo de incidencia" en la salud de los españoles, según ha asegurado la ministra de Sanidad y Política Social, Trinidad Jiménez. A pesar de ello, a lo largo de los próximos años podrían aumentar las muertes por olas de calor y enfermedades infecciosas, como el dengue, la encefalitis o el paludismo.

"Los primeros efectos del cambio climático que se han empezado a percibir en nuestro país no han tenido ningún tipo de incidencia en salud", manifestó Jiménez durante la firma del protocolo marco del Observatorio de Salud y Cambio Climático.

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El cambio climático amenaza a las aves migratorias

aves migratorias(vía EcologiaBlog.com) El cambio climático global se suma a la pérdida de hábitat y a la contaminación ambiental como factor de grave amenaza para la supervivencia de las poblaciones de aves migratorias. Es lo que se desprende del estudio “El Estado de las Aves: Informe 2010 sobre el Cambio Climático“, obra del Laboratorio de Ornitología de Cornell y presentado, ayer jueves, en Austin, Texas, por el secretario del Interior estadounidense Ken Salazar.

Qué consecuencias del cambio climático suponen un mayor peligro para los pájaros del mundo: sequías más profundas y largas, inundaciones más intensas, y más incendios, entre otros. El informe dice que las aves marinas, como los petreles y los albatros, corren mayor peligro. Las aves en regiones áridas y en bosques muestran, en cambio, una menor vulnerabilidad al cambio climático.

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